Garnet Natural Raw Stone
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The Meaning and Properties of Garnet
Garnet is a silicate mineral with a deep red color. Its name comes from the Latin word "granatus," which means "seedlike," because of the gem's resemblance to pomegranate seeds. Garnet is found in metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks. It is the official birthstone for January.
Garnet has been used as a gemstone for thousands of years. It was used in ancient jewelry by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. In medieval times, Europeans believed that garnet had the power to ward off evil spirits. Today, garnet is still a popular gemstone for making jewelry. It is also used as an abrasive for sandblasting and cutting steel.
Garnet is found in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America. The most common type of garnet is pyrope. Other types of garnet include almandine, spessartine, grossularite, uvarovite, andradite, and demantoid.
Garnet ranges in color from dark red to orange-red to yellow-green to greenish-blue. The most valuable color is deep crimson red.
The Mohs scale of hardness rates garnet at 6.5-7.5. This makes it a durable stone that is suitable for everyday wear in jewelry such as rings, earrings, necklaces, and bracelets.
Understanding Mohs Scale Hardness RatingsThe Mohs scale of hardness rates a gem on a scale from 1 to 10 based on its ability to resist scratching by other materials. The harder a gemstone is, the more resistant it will be to scratches and abrasions. Here are some examples of how garnet rates on the Mohs scale:
- Talc (1): Can be easily scratched with a fingernail
- Gypsum (2): Can be scratched with a nail
- Calcite (3): Can be scratched with a knife blade
- Fluorite (4): Can be scratched with glass
- Apatite (5): Can be scratched with iron
- Feldspar (6): Can scratch glass
- Quartz (7): Can scratch topaz and spinel
- Topaz (8): Can scratch sapphire and quartz
- Corundum (9): Can scratch diamond
- Diamond (10): Only thing that can scratch diamond
As you can see from the examples above, Mohs hardness ratings provide valuable information about a gemstone's resistance to scratching and wear. With a hardness rating of 6.5-7.5, garnet ranks towards the middle of the Mohs scale—making it durable enough for everyday wear but still requiring some care to prevent damage.
Whether you're looking for an eye-catching piece of jewelry or a beautiful crystals for your collection, garnet is an excellent option that offers both stunning visuals and impressive hardness ratings. And with January's birthstone status, this vibrant red gem make for perfect gift for someone special born this month!
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